Diabetes is a metabolic disease; it is also termed diabetes mellitus. It is a long-term health condition. There are three different types. Diabetes 1 occurs when the body does not produce any insulin. Insulin is needed to regulate blood sugar levels. Diabetes 2 occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. Gestational diabetes may affect females during pregnancy. High blood sugar levels lead to polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

Pre-diabetes is a condition where the cells in the body are becoming insulin resistant. Insulin injections, a special diet, and exercise are used to treat Diabetes 1, the second type is more common, and treated with tablets, following a special diet, and insulin injections may be needed, but are not a daily treatment. People with diabetes may develop secondary health problems - eye complications, such as diabetic retinopathy, hypertension, foot complications, hearing loss and many health risks increase with diabetes. The body also heals much more slowly.


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