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Type 2 diabetes affects the way the body stores and metabolizes sugar. People who have type 2 diabetes have too little of the hormone that controls sugar in the cells. Alternatively, the body may reject or ignore the hormones it receives. Type 2 diabetes is very common in adults and is becoming a problem in children due to poor nutritional habits. It is often associated with obesity. When left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious medical issues like heart problems and kidney damage. Medications and lifestyle changes can prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.

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1. Causes

The pancreas, a small organ near the stomach, produces and releases hormones that help sugars enter the cells and reduces the amount of sugar in the blood. In patients with type 2 diabetes, this process fails, and sugar is left to build up in the blood. The body is unable to produce enough hormone to regulate blood sugar. If not treated, type 2 diabetes eventually damages organs and other body systems.

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