Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism or the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy. It involves problems with the hormone insulin, which is why it is critical for people with diabetes to manage their condition by staying healthy, which includes a proper diet. However, people with diabetes must be cautious about what they eat and drink. Foods suitable for the diabetic diet should be incorporated into meals every day.
One of the healthiest foods for controlling diabetes is fatty fish. Salmon, for example, is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which have significant benefits for heart health. Getting enough of these fats on a consistent basis is especially important for people with diabetes, who have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke.
Broccoli is one of the most nutritious vegetables, with essentials like vitamin C and magnesium. The veggie has been found to help lower insulin levels and protect cells during metabolism. Broccoli is not only an excellent source of fiber, but it is also filling, which makes it a healthy choice for people trying to control their condition. Even people without diabetes would do well to incorporate more broccoli into their diet.
Another food group suitable for the diabetic diet is leafy green vegetables. Leafy greens have little to no digestible carbohydrates, components that can raise blood sugar levels. Spinach and kale are good sources of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C. Increasing vitamin C reduces inflammatory markers and fasting blood sugar levels.
Cinnamon is a tasty spice rich in antioxidants. It can improve insulin sensitivity and lowers blood sugar by imitating the effects of insulin and increasing glucose transport into cells. Cinnamon also will help regulate cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is one of the many spices healthy for people with diabetes.
A hard-boiled egg is an excellent high-protein snack if you have diabetes. The protein helps keep you full without affecting your blood sugar. The protein in eggs slows not only digestion, but also glucose absorption. If you have diabetes, you know this process is beneficial to your health. Incorporate an egg as a mid-afternoon snack to keep you feeling full.
Along with cinnamon, turmeric is a beneficial spice with powerful health benefits. Curcumin is the active ingredient that helps lower inflammation and blood sugar levels. It also benefits kidney health. Maintaining kidney health is vital, as diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney disease. Consider adding this spice to your meals to improve overall health.
Greek yogurt is great for people with diabetes. Increased protein and fewer carbs and sugars make it more a better choice than traditional yogurt. The protein can help you feel like you’ve had a more substantial snack, leaving you full and satisfied. Starting your day with Greek yogurt may help manage your blood sugar and prevent blood sugar spikes.
Along with Greek yogurt, nuts are a satisfying diabetes-friendly snack. Nuts help regulate blood sugar. Eating almonds slows down the blood sugar response; this is true for any foods high in carbohydrates. Walnuts are also a beneficial snack due to the fiber, protein, and healthy fats that help manage hunger and blood sugars. However, nuts should always be eaten in moderation.
Flax seeds are an incredibly healthy food. Incorporating flaxseed into your daily diet can help lower your blood sugar level, which in turn helps prevent blood sugar spikes throughout the day. Flax seeds are also high in viscous fiber helpful for gut health, reducing insulin sensitivity, and creating feelings of fullness.
Raspberries offer the most fiber of any berry. Fiber is the indigestible carbohydrate that helps pull cholesterol away from the heart, leaves you to feel full, and slows down how quickly blood sugars rise. Raspberries also taste great stirred into Greek yogurt or eaten on their own as an afternoon snack.
Sweet potatoes have long been an alternative to white potatoes, especially for individuals with type 2 diabetes. They increase blood sugar levels at a slower pace than white potatoes and contain more fiber and vitamin A. Studies found that consuming this delicious tuber may help improve hemoglobin A1c levels, and therefore can help maintain healthy blood sugar levels. The Beauregard variety also has a similar protein pattern to a commercial blood glucose control supplement. Of course, it should be consumed in moderation.
The American Diabetes Association lists beans as a superfood for diabetes management. A half-cup serving contains as much protein as one ounce of meat, and eating more proteins help regulate the blood sugar response and reduce blood pressure. Legumes have a low glycemic index and can reduce the glycemic load of meals. In one study, participants on a bean diet saw their A1c levels drop half a percentage point after three months.
There is limited but promising evidence of apple cider vinegar's effectiveness for diabetes management. In an experimental model of diabetes mellitus, scientists found that apple cider vinegar has remarkable antioxidant and anti-hyperglycemic properties. The vinegar appeared to protect the liver and kidneys from diabetic complications. However, it can interact with insulin and diuretics and irritate the throat.
The constituents responsible for garlic's pungent aroma can fight oxidative stress, hypertension, and diabetes. Hundreds of compounds including allicin, allyl propyl disulfide, S-allyl cysteine sulfoxide, and quercetin exhibit strong anti-inflammatory properties that can help prevent and treat a wide range of diabetes-related conditions. They can raise blood insulin levels by preventing the liver's inactivation of insulin, making more insulin available in the body. Scientists have discovered that moderate amounts of raw, cooked, or aged garlic or supplements can help normalize blood glucose levels and reduce the impact of some diabetes complications. Garlic components also facilitate blood flow and fight infection. However, this food can cause adverse effects in high amounts.
With no calories, no digestible carbs, and no fat, shirataki noodles may be a dream come true for people with diabetes. This food is made from the root of the konjac plant. Most of its fiber, which comprises about 3% of the product, is glucomannan, a viscous, soluble form. Glucomannan moves through the gastrointestinal tract slowly, delaying nutrient absorption and curbing blood sugar spikes. It also promotes satiety and could lead to a reduction in caloric intake.
This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.