Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. The chronic condition causes abnormally high blood sugar because the body no longer responds as it should to insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates the movement of glucose. Type 2 causes the body to either resist the effects of insulin or fail to produce enough. This type is much different than type 1, though a lot of the symptoms, treatments, and complications overlap.
Often called "childhood diabetes," type 1 is usually diagnosed at a young age. An autoimmune process causes it, resulting in the pancreas being unable to produce any insulin at all. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas can produce insulin, but it produces too little or no longer has the same effect on the body. Diagnosis of type 2 usually happens in middle age.
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