Endometriosis occurs when the tissues that line the walls of the uterus grow outside of it instead. These tissues can begin to grow along the intestines, the ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. Treatments for endometriosis include medications for the pain, hormonal treatments, and sometimes surgery as a last resort. In the United States every year, more than 200,000 women experience the symptoms of endometriosis and are diagnosed.
Most women experience some sensation during menstruation, from mild cramps to extreme pain, and early signs of endometriosis can be as simple as identifying a change in this pain. Endometrial pain begins about a week before a woman's period and can continue up to one week after menstruation. Many people describe the pain as cramping that is more intense than normal.
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