The body consists of several organ systems. While they all have their unique functions, each is dependent on the other to maintain homeostasis. Part of this process is the removal of waste products such as carbon dioxide and urea. While our lungs take care of the former—a byproduct of respiration—our urinary system prevents soluble wastes from accumulating in the blood. Like most of our organ systems, it also plays other roles, all of which help preserve a healthy balance within the body.
The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urethra, and bladder. Together, they maintain homeostasis by removing waste products from the body. To do this, they filter blood and produce urine, then excrete this liquid by-product out of the body. In healthy individuals, the body produces between three and eight cups of urine every day; the exact amount depends on kidney function and fluid intake.
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