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3. Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs)

HIV attempts to take over healthy cells by copying itself with an enzyme called reverse transcriptase. NRTIs block this enzyme from helping the virus replicate and create new copies of itself. The inhibitors are often taken in combination with other drug therapies to maximize treatment and are adjusted as the disease progresses. Side effects can include a severe rash, fatty liver, and decreased bone density.

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