Because their bones are softer and still growing, children can experience a type of fracture almost exclusive to pre-adolescence, called a buckle fracture or an incomplete fracture. Also called torus fractures, these injuries often happen when a child breaks their fall with their hands, resulting in a compression of the bones in the forearm. A buckle fracture is one of the most common and less severe types in pediatrics, but it still causes great pain and does require medical attention.
Young bones have some unique characteristics compared to adult's. First, a child's bones are growing, and so they are still flexible and quite resilient. This is why the bones often do not break in the conventional sense. Additionally, children's bones are surrounded by a thick layer of connective tissue, the periosteum, which protects the bone from injury and harm so it can continue growing. The periosteum provides extra blood supply to help cells grow, especially when there is a fracture or injury. Therefore, children's bones tend to heal much faster than people whose periosteum has thinned.
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