Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental condition that can develop after a person experiences a traumatic event. People with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares, and anxiety in addition to other symptoms that affect their daily lives.
Most individuals who are exposed to a traumatic event can cope, and while symptoms may linger for a little while, they will recover with time. People with PTSD have symptoms that worsen or last for several months or years following the event.
Events that can trigger PTSD include sexual assault, physical assault, warfare, and car accidents among other things. People who experience interpersonal trauma are more likely to develop PTSD than those who did not. About half of all rape victims will develop PTSD.
PTSD is usually treated with therapy and medication. The different types of therapies available include psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, and interpersonal therapy. Medication includes antidepressants, anti-anxiety medication, and prazosin if a person is having difficulty sleeping.