Plantar Fasciitis is a pain disorder which affects the heel and the bottom of the foot and is the most common cause of foot pain. The pain occurs when the plantar fascia, the tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes, becomes weak or inflamed. The pain is usually felt strongly in the morning and after long rest periods. As the person moves, the pain dissipates. It is described as a stabbing pain in the heel and arch of the foot, although it often radiates forward, and may be worsened by a flexing motion of the foot when the foot and toes bend toward the shin. There are many different reasons a person may develop plantar fasciitis including overuse, increase in exercise, living a sedentary lifestyle, and obesity. Often, plantar fasciitis will resolve with time. Conservative treatment includes rest, change in activities, pain medications, and stretches. If these treatments are not sufficient, a person may be treated with physiotherapy, orthotics, splinting, or steroid injections.
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