Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in which a woman's hormones are out of balance. The condition is characterized by cysts on the ovaries which can be seen with a vaginal ultrasound, although not all women with PCOS will experience cystic ovaries. Reportedly, 5-10% of women struggle with this condition, making it the most common endocrine disorder and a leading cause of infertility in women. Women with PCOS may experience irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth, obesity, fertility issues, and pain in the abdomen, where the cysts on the ovaries grow. Symptoms vary greatly from mild to severe, and some women may only experience a fraction of the symptoms mentioned. There is no cure for PCOS, although many of the symptoms like excess hair growth, irregular periods, and infertility may be managed with diet and medication. Many women with PCOS can get pregnant with the help of medicines that regulate hormones and other fertility treatments.
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