Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease which affects several parts of the body and produces numerous symptoms. Women between the ages of 15 and 45 are the most commonly diagnosed demographic, though men and children are vulnerable to it too. Medically, lupus isn't well-understood. Experts believe it occurs due to the immune system's inability to distinguish between the body's healthy tissues and harmful foreign bodies. Consequentially, it produces auto-antibodies that destroy vital body tissues which cause adverse reactions in the body. Thus, it's imperative to be aware of its various symptoms.
One of the most distinctive indicators is a butterfly rash which appears on the facial skin. It causes a scaly outbreak to spread across the nose and cheeks, often signaling the onset of an oncoming lupus flare. Sometimes the rash occurs in the aftermath of sunlight exposure. However, this is not typical. The butterfly rash is the most common characteristic of lupus but is also known to cause non-itchy lesions in different parts of the body. Rarely, lupus can trigger hives and photosensitivity in patients.
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