Kidney stones develop when substances in urine turn into crystals. However, other factors also play a role in the development of these painful stones, including genetic makeup and lifestyle factors such as diet and lack of exercise. In some instances, kidney stones are large enough to require surgery, though many pass through the urinary tract on their own.
There is no consensus on how diet contributes to kidney stones, but there is evidence that certain diets, specifically low fiber-high protein, may make people more susceptible to developing the stones. People who have had multiple occurrences of kidney stones may benefit from reducing their meat intake and foods that contain oxalates, which appear to trigger the stones, as well. Furthermore, research shows a link between fish, pork, beef, and poultry and the incidence of uric acid kidney stones.
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