Dengue fever is a transmitted by mosquitoes and is prevalent in tropical, and subtropical, areas. It is commonly found in South East Asia, Latin America, the Western Pacific islands and the Caribbean. The mosquitoes carry a family of viruses (1-5), and there is no specific antibiotic to treat it. The acute phase of the fever lasts for up to two weeks. The symptoms include a headache, and fever, swollen lymph glands, joint and muscle pain, and a rash. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is a complication of Dengue fever and causes abdominal pain, hemorrhage ( bleeding) and circulatory collapse.
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is very dangerous and more common in young children. Dengue fever is treated symptomatically, and Doctors recommend drinking plenty of fluids, to avoid dehydration. In severe cases, hospital care is necessary. Blood pressure is monitored, blood transfusions may be needed, and electrolytes replaced intravenously. Vaccines are being developed, and eradication of mosquitoes in high-risk areas is a way to control the transmission of Dengue fever.
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