A mosquito-borne disease common in the tropics, Dengue Fever, is a viral infection that can prove to be life-threatening in certain circumstances. The virus responsible for dengue has five types, and exposure to one type usually allows for lifelong immunity against it but only short-term immunity against the other types. There is no specific treatment for dengue, and oral or intravenous re-hydration is prescribed in mild to moderate cases; for more severe infections, intravenous fluids and blood transfusion may be required. The following symptoms usually signify the onset of dengue fever and call for immediate recuperative measures.
In a way, high fever is the most distinctive symptom associated with dengue, even as it is a very non-specific ailment to have otherwise. Those who contract the virus typically develop a very high temperature ranging from anywhere between 101 - 104 degrees Fahrenheit; this usually occurs 3 - 15 days after exposure to the virus. Many patients complain of severe chills and shivering adding to the discomfort. Mostly, over-the-counter medication is prescribed to keep the fever in check. It is vitally important that one avoid self-medication when it comes to dengue since several over-the-counter drugs can cause bleeding complications. Thus, if one has a high fever and other dengue symptoms, they should refrain from taking any meds themselves and consult a physician immediately.
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