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Throat cancer does not refer to a single type of cancer. Instead, it describes an agglomeration of various kinds of cancer that affect the throat and adjacent areas. These diseases can impact the base of the tongue all the way to the tonsils and surrounding tissues. Cancer of the larynx may also be classified as throat cancer. In many cases, symptoms appear during more advanced stages, making it crucial for at-risk individuals to receive periodic examinations to rule out possible tumors. Smoking and unhealthy diets can contribute to a higher risk of developing throat cancer.

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1. Cough or Hoarseness

One of the first symptoms that affects individuals with throat cancer is a cough. In addition to throat cancer, persistent coughing can be a sign of lung, larynx, or thyroid cancer. The duration of a cough can help determine its severity. Coughing that goes away within a few weeks is more likely due to the common cold or flu. However, if the symptom does not improve over time, and especially if there is blood in the mucus when coughing, one should consult a physician.

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