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Prostate cancer develops in the prostate, an organ just below the urethra that is an essential part of the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers do not have an identifiable cause, but doctors have identified many factors that raise risks of developing the disease, which is the fourth most prevalent cancer in the world, with 1.27 million cases diagnosed in 2018.

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1. Excess Weight

A significant number of people diagnosed with prostate cancer are overweight. Doctors use an objective measure called body mass index (BMI) to determine if a person is a healthy weight, overweight, or obese. Individuals with a BMI of between 25 and 30 are classified as overweight, while a BMI of more than 30 is considered obese.

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