8. Aeration

Turning can be done with a shovel, rake, or special aeration tool. Move the drier edges of the compost pile in towards the center and break up clumps of matter. Add a small amount of water if any materials seem too dry. The pile should be turned every 14 days, or when the temperature is between 110° - 120° F. Compost matures faster with frequent aeration and moisture adjustment. Additionally, tumbling composters sold by several manufacturers aerate compost automatically.

aerate, tumbling, rake, frequent Elenathewise / Getty Images

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