The most well known secret military base in the world is Area 51. Its a part of Edwards Air Force Base situated within the Nevada Test and Training Range. Its located 83 miles northwest of Las Vegas, and about 30 miles from the tiny town of Rachel, population 54. Area 51 is a six-mile-wide by 10-mile long test facility for top-secret military aircraft situated near the dry bed of Groom Lake. Rumors persist that Area 51 has a much more sinister purpose. Conspiracy theorists believe the secret facility houses several alien spacecraft and perhaps even a few alien bodies.
In 1955 the United States Air Force bought the land and designated it Area 51 on a map to provide a secure place to test the U- spy plane. The dry lake bed surrounded by mountains gave the air force a perfect airstrip. The CIA would not concede the existence of the base until 2013. When the official history of the U-2 project was published it described Area 51 as "the new facility in the middle of nowhere."
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