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An oxymoron is a term for a figure of speech that is made up of two or more words that seem to be the opposite of each other or truly are opposite of each other. In other words, oxymorons are contradictive words or phrases used intentionally to create an effect. Think jumbo shrimp. Or plastic silverware. Generally, an oxymoron phrase is a combination of an adjective or noun modifier, proceeded by a noun with contrasting meanings, such as a silent scream or paper towel.  

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Oxymoron Started With the Greeks

Even the word oxymoron is an oxymoron. The word itself is formed from two Greek root words of opposite meaning:

  • oxys meaning sharp, keen,
  • and moros mean foolish or fool, which is the same root word for the word moron.

Put the two terms together, and the literal meaning of oxymoron is a sharp moron. How that's for conflicting terms.

oxymoron greek

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Why Use an Oxymoron?

Oxymorons are a literary device authors use to create a special effect in their writing. Sometimes oxymorons are used to generate a bit of drama for the reader. Other times they are used to make readers stop and think about what was just read and ponder what exactly the author meant.

oxymorons

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Examples of Thought Provoking Oxymorons

Oxymorons, by their nature, are thought-provoking, however, let's look at some that are more perplexing than others.   The same difference. How can something be the same and yet different? Answer: People are basically the same and yet individually very different.   Bittersweet. How can something be bitter and still sweet? Answer: Someone coming home after a long absence is bitter because the person had been away, but sweet because he or she is home once again.

oxymoron opposites

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Oxymoron in Songs

In the song "Break Free" sung by Ariana Grande, the lyric: “I only wanna die alive," is an oxymoron. Some songs use oxymorons and contradictions to convey a sense of an impossible desire or an inner struggle, which is most probably what this song is striving for. The problem is, unlike most oxymorons that are possible, it is impossible to die alive.

oxymoron grammar

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Oxymoron in Poetry

Petrarch’s 134th Sonnet by Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542) provides lovely imagery through the use of an oxymoron. I find no peace, and all my war is done I fear and hope, I burn and freeze like ice, I flee above the wind, yet can I not arise; Sir Thomas uses the contradictory terms of peace and war, burn and freeze, flee above and can I not arise for purposeful dramatic effect.

poetry oxymoron

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Oxymoron in Drama

There can be no discussion of an oxymoron in drama without quoting from Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. “Why, then, O brawling love! O loving hate! O anything, of nothing first create! O heavy lightness! Serious vanity! Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms! Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health! Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is! This love feel I, that feel no love in this. Dost thou not laugh?” This section drips in oxymoronic phrasings including “hating love,” “heavy lightness,” “bright smoke,” “cold fire,” and “sick health.”

oxymoron shakespeare

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Oxymorons in Movie Titles

Movie titles offer some great examples of oxymorons because a movie title needs to be dramatic and enticing and what is more interesting than a movie promising contradiction? Some titles using oxymorons:

  • The Asphalt Jungle
  • 13 Going on 30
  • Begin Again
  • The Civil War (the whole idea of a civil war is about as contradictory as one can get)
  • Dead Again
  • Eyes Wide Shut
oxymoron movies

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Oxymoron in Fiction

Science Fiction Writer Ray Bradbury (1920-2012) made excellent use of oxymorons in his book Fahrenheit 451. Some examples include:

  • "Books are meant to be informative, but they are illegal because they are informative." This idea that the purpose of books themselves makes them illegal is a powerful use of an oxymoron.
  • "The firefighters start the fires." Since firefighters are supposed to put out fires, them starting them is an oxymoron.
Ray Bradbury oxymoron

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Some Wonderful Oxymorons

  • absent presence
  • alone together
  • beggarly riches
  • cheerful pessimist
  • comfortable misery
  • conspicuous absence
  • cool passion
  • cruel kindness
  • deafening silence
  • deceptively honest
  • definite maybe
  • deliberate speed
  • devout atheist
  • dull roar
  • eloquent silence
  • even odds
  • exact estimate
  • genuine imitation
  • humane slaughter
  • idiot savant
  • impossible solution
  • intense apathy
  • joyful sadness
  • lead balloon
  • living dead
  • loosely sealed
  • loud whisper
  • loyal opposition
  • magic realism
  • militant pacifist
  • old news
  • one-man band
  • open secret
  • original copy
  • peaceful conquest
  • plastic glasses
  • random order
  • recorded live
  • resident alien
  • sad smile
  • scalding coolness
  • silent scream
  • soft rock
  • steel wool
  • sweet sorrow
  • true fiction
  • unbiased opinion
  • unconscious awareness
  • wise fool
oxymoron vocabulary

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Not All Contradictory Terms Are Oxymorons

Not all contradictory terms are oxymorons. An oxymoron is much more specific. It also must be intentionally written to suggest that two contradictory ideas go together because their unlikely combination reveals a deeper truth. For example, the term "business ethics" might be a contradiction in terms. However, the phrase is not an oxymoron because the term has no deeper meaning.

oxymoron IRL

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