The Ancient Greeks didn't believe in only one God. Like the Ancient Egyptians and the Romans, they believed in a pantheon of gods and goddesses, where there was a god for every aspect of human existence. According to Greek mythology, the gods lived above Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece and where the Olympics got their name. The gods and goddesses of Ancient Greece had temples and statues built for their worship. Ancient Greeks also spun tales in which many of their gods were featured, and those tales still have an impact on Western heritage and language to this day.


1. Zeus, King of the Gods

The most powerful god of all was Zeus. He was king of the gods on Mount Olympus, ruling both the world and heaven alike. As well as being the revered ruler of all gods and men, Zeus was a sky god, and as such was responsible for the weather. Especially thunder. In many pieces of art including sculpture and painting, Zeus is pictured with a lightning bolt in his hand. According to Greek mythology, if you crossed Zeus, you could be stricken by that lightning.

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