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Michel Foucault was a 20th-century French philosopher and intellectual whose work influenced several academic fields. He used a multidisciplinary approach to philosophy drawing from areas of study including psychology, history, and sociology in his pursuit of truth.

Foucault believed that the pursuit of philosophy is inseparable from the study of history, something most philosophers disagree with. His work is considered a fusion of philosophical theory and historical research.

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1. Birth and Parents

Paul-Michel Foucault was born in Poitiers, France on October 25, 1926, to an upper-middle-class family. He was named Paul after his father Paul-André Foucault, but his mother insisted on adding the name Michel which he ended up preferring. Michel had two siblings, a brother Denys, and sister Francine.

Foucault's father, a surgeon, opened his own office in Poitiers before later taking over his father in laws surgery practice. Later in his lifetime, Michel described his father as a "bully" who severely punished his children. Michel's mother was responsible for maintaining the family's large home in the village Vendeuvre-du-Poitou.

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