Leonardo da Vinci lived during the Italian Renaissance, and is often referred to as the "Renaissance man." He was a brilliant scientist, engineer, painter, and architect. The most famous works of Leonardo da Vinci are the "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper." Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452, in the town of Anchiano in Tuscany, now Italy. He was born out of wedlock and was an illegitimate child originally called only Leonardo or "Il Florentine" after his home in Florence.
Leonardo's father was a local lawyer and sent him to Florence as an apprentice to Andrea del Verrocchio, a sculptor and painter. Da Vinci became an independent master artist in Florence’s Guild of Saint Luke in 1478 at the age of 20. He moved to Milan to work for the Sforza family in 1483. The Sforzas were the ruling family at the time, and they hired da Vinci as an engineer, sculptor, painter, and architect. Milan was invaded by the French in 1499, forcing the Sforza family to flee, and da Vinci to return to Florence.
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