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Harriet Tubman was an essential figure in the abolition of slavery in the United States. She was influential in the rescue of hundreds of people from the grasp of slavery, guiding them through a network of safe houses and advocates known as the underground railroad. She also served in the army as a cook, nurse, scout, and spy during the American Civil War. Later in her life, Tubman was a woman's suffrage activist, wife, and mother of an adopted child named Gertie. She passed away from pneumonia in 1913.

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1. Harriet Tubman's Origins

Harriet Tubman was born Araminta “Minty” Ross to enslaved parents in Maryland. Her mother, Harriet Green, owned by the Brodess family, served as a cook, and her father Ben Ross managed timber work on a nearby plantation. Araminta was one of nine siblings. Neither the exact place or year of her birth are known, though historians estimate she was born between 1820 and 1825. Tubman’s mother, Harriet Green, worked hard to keep the family from being separated by those who considered them property. Despite her efforts, three of her daughters were sold by the Brodess family and were never reunited with their relatives again. She was able to prevent her son from being sold to a Georgian slave trader by hiding him and confronting her owner.

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