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Martial law is military control of a government that suspends civil authority in various degrees. According to law experts, the original intent was for martial law to be a rare, temporary solution for extreme situations such as invasions, widespread disasters, or national or regional emergencies. Governments may also invoke martial law if local authorities appear unable or unwilling to enforce the law, including those laws protecting civil rights. Some foreign countries have used martial law as a means to establish dictatorships by a military leader or politicians backed by the military.

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1. Types of Martial Law

There are two types of martial law. Qualified martial law is when the military assists civilian law enforcement to ensure public safety. This generally occurs when state and local authorities are unable to control a disturbance or handle the issues that occur following a natural or manmade disaster. However, These events include large crowd protests, riots, a fear of looting, or strikes. Absolute martial law means the military has taken complete control over all law enforcement.

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