Research consistently confirms the health benefits of plant-based diets. Studies continually emphasize the detriment of overconsumption of processed foods and animal products. A trend toward meat-reducing diets is on the rise as more people seek to alleviate ailments and illness and help the environment. The pescatarian diet offers a viable solution -- the proven advantages of vegetarianism along with the nutrition of seafood.


1. What is the Pescatarian Diet?

The pescatarian diet is a type of semi-vegetarianism or flexitarianism. The label is based on “pesce”, the Italian word for fish. Pescatarians are primarily vegetarians who occasionally consume aquatic animal foods in their meals. They are also called pescetarians or pesco-vegetarians. These individuals have decided to eliminate beef, pork, poultry, lamb, and other land animal products from their diets, but they supplement their plant-based eating regimen with seafood. The pescatarian diet is appealing to people who desire to:

  • improve health through dietary changes,
  • save money by reducing meat consumption, or
  • address concerns over the environmental impact of raising livestock and animal welfare.

As the label “flexitarian” implies, this fish-based diet is far from rigid. Many pesco-vegetarians eat eggs and dairy products; they are lacto-ovo-pescatarians. Pescatarianism is similar to the Mediterranean and Japanese diets that both emphasize plants and use fish as a major source of protein, fats, and micronutrients.

pescatarian diet talynshererphoto / Getty Images

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