Potassium plays a vital role in muscle health, working with sodium to keep the fibers pulling smoothly and the muscle tissue itself hydrated and properly pH balanced. In fact, working out while potassium deficiency can lead to dangerous muscle spasms and twitches. A sudden drop in potassium levels shows up first in the irregular contraction of your muscles. Low levels of potassium in the body can lead to muscle pain, as the lack of this mineral reduces your muscles' ability to heal and regenerate.
Chronic potassium deficiency, or Hypokalemia, is characterized by painful cramps in the arms and legs in particular. The cramps may also occur in the midst of lifting moderately heavy objects. When this condition reaches the chronic stage, paralysis can occur. Sufferers can also experience muscle pain because low potassium levels directly damage the muscle cells.
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