Surgery for spinal stenosis is often the last resort. Once it is determined that medication as rehabilitation is no longer an option as the condition disables the patient, they may opt to have spinal surgery. Surgery includes a laminectomy, where the back part of the affected vertebrae, the lamina, is removed to relieve the area of pressure and pain and the spine is fused with metal to strengthen it. A laminotomy, where only a portion of the lamina is removed relieving localized pressure, or a laminoplasty, where the vertebrae on the neck are opened, and a metal bridge is inserted to keep the section open. Only 5% of people need surgery, and there are significant risks as with any spinal surgery.
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