Compound fractures, also known as open fractures, occur when a broken bone penetrates the skin, causing an open wound. This is a serious injury that requires urgent medical treatment. Compound fractures have a far higher likelihood of developing serious complications than fractures that do not break the skin. The more severe the wound is, the longer it will take to heal and the greater the chance of complications.
It takes a lot of force to break a bone severely enough for it to penetrate a person's skin. Therefore, compound fractures usually occur as the result of a high-impact trauma. Road traffic collisions at higher speeds are one of the most common causes. Falls can also cause compound fractures, especially if the person has fallen from a considerable height. This type of injury can also occur due to sports-related accidents.
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