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Enthesopathy is a blanket term for any condition affecting the entheses — the attachment sites of bones to tendons or ligaments. Ensopathies develop from a disease or injury and may be temporary or chronic. Doctors can diagnose some cases based on symptoms and a physical exam alone, but additional imaging tests may be necessary to rule out other conditions. Many cases are preventable and treatable; medication and therapy can manage the symptoms and complications of chronic forms.

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1. What are Tendons and Ligaments?

Ligaments and tendons are connective tissues instrumental in musculoskeletal stability and mobility. Ligaments attach bone to bone at joints such as the knees, elbows, shoulders, and ankles. Tendons join bone to muscle, aiding in fluid movement and the structural integrity of the skeleton. Inflammation of tendons or ligaments impacts stability and movement.

enthesopathy enthesis ligament tendon bone Jan-Otto / Getty Images
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