According to the CDC, between two and ten percent of pregnant women in the United States develop gestational diabetes every year. The condition can lead to serious complications during pregnancy and childbirth. For this reason, screening is a regular part of prenatal testing. Once identified, gestational diabetes is generally easy to control. It can also be prevented by instilling good diet and exercise habits prior to conception. Gestational diabetes resolves on its own after birth but can affect the future health of both the mother and baby.
Like type 1 and type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how cells in the body use glucose. The only difference is that gestational diabetes occurs only during pregnancy. It resolves after the birth, but a mother diagnosed with gestational diabetes has a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
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