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Endometrial or uterine ablation surgically destroys the uterine lining, the endometrium. Surgeons typically do the procedure to reduce menstrual flow in women experiencing excess blood loss. There are multiple methods of uterine ablation and many contraindications and risks.

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1. The Procedure

To perform a uterine ablation, the doctor inserts a slender tool through the vagina and cervix, into the uterus. The specific device depends on the method, but the procedure does not require a surgical incision. The minimally invasive nature of the procedure means it can be performed in a doctor's office, but most uterine ablations take place in an operating room.

Menstrual Heavy Bleeding LaylaBird / Getty Images
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