Osteoporosis causes the bones to become porous, making them look and act like thin, hollow sponges. Postmenopausal women, especially those of Asian and Caucasian descent with slender frames, face the most significant risk of developing the disease. Because osteoporosis lacks initial symptoms directly attributable to the condition, it is important to understand how it manifests in the earlier stages, to identify and slow the progression.
While joints and connective tissue provide flexibility, muscles provide strength to move the body. In older adults with the condition, osteoporosis makes bones weaker and more prone to injury, which affects how the surrounding muscles work. Muscles can lose their ability to contract and become less toned. Low muscle tone or hypotonia leads to reduced strength, contributing to atrophy. Loss of muscle leads to lower lean body mass and less protection against external impacts, which leads to bones fracturing more easily.
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