3. Stressors and Risk Factors

People who experience trauma are at a greater risk of developing an adjustment disorder, even if that trauma occurred many years before. Any event of a serious and unusual nature can be a trigger, including the loss of a loved one, a medical operation, a poor evaluation, or a relocation. One study found that the most common stressors are parental and peer issues. Experts believe that recurring stressors are more likely to cause a disorder. They also believe that the objective severity of a stressor is less important than how each specific individual perceives their stressors. Adult females receive twice as many diagnoses for adjustment disorders as adult males, and research suggests up to 21% of adults have one of these disorders.

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