Rubella is a viral infection that causes a red rash on your body. Rubella is also known as German measles and Three-day Measles. It lasts for about three days once the rash breaks out. Rubella is usually accompanied by swollen lymph nodes that can last for a few weeks and cold-like symptoms like a sore throat and fever. The Rubella virus is spread through the air, from coughing. The virus can also be caught if you share food or drinks with an infected person. More recently, Rubella has become less common since a vaccine is available for it. The vaccine is usually given as a combination known as the MMR vaccine that is given for the Prevention of Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.
The World Health Organization recommends that children should be vaccinated with the first dose of the MMR vaccine between 12 and 18 months of age. They should then receive the second dose at 36 months. While Rubella commonly affects children between 5 and 9 years of age, it can also affect adults. Should a pregnant woman become infected, her baby is at risk being born with Congenital Rubella Syndrome which can be quite serious. Rubella in others, on the other hand, is typically a mild infection that will clear up within a week or two without treatment. In fact, the symptoms are often so mild that up to 50% of infected people do not even know they have Rubella and can pass it on unknowingly.
The symptoms of Rubella are often so mild that you may not even be aware that you have the virus. However, the most common first sign of a Rubella infection is a red or pink rash that begins on the face and moves down the neck to the trunk of the body and finally to the limbs. The rash will usually disappear after three days, with the rash in the face fading as it moves to other parts of the body. The rash does not leave any staining on the skin, nor does it result in the peeling of any skin. There may be very small flakes of skin that shed once the rash has cleared, not causing any permanent damage to the skin.
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