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Lyme disease is caused by bacteria that travel to humans through bites from an infected black-legged or deer tick. Cases of Lyme disease are prevalent in all 50 states, with the Northeast having the highest number of reported cases. The symptoms come in three stages and can vary depending on the individual bite. People who show the symptoms after being bitten by a tick require medical attention.

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1. Borrelia Burgdorferi Bacteria

Lyme disease is an infection caused by strains of the bacteria Borrelia Burgdorferi. An individual must be bitten by a tick infected with the bacteria to contract the virus. The tick’s saliva contains a substance that numbs the skin so that people often do not even feel the bite. These same bugs can also transmit other diseases and harm humans, pets, and livestock.

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