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Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is a rare autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to create antibodies that attack cells and tissues. The condition is also known as anticardiolipin antibody syndrome, antiphospholipid syndrome, Hughes syndrome, Lupus anticoagulant syndrome, aCL syndrome, and aPL syndrome. The disease is noticeably more prominent in young women than any other demographic, and it carries significant health risks. APS also tends to occur alongside other diseases and disorders.

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1. What are Antibodies and Phospholipids?

Antibodies are a special type of protein. Usually, their purpose is to help fight infections and defend the body. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome creates antibodies that target natural phospholipids rather than dangerous materials. Phospholipids are fats that exist in all living cells and cell membranes. They perform many important functions depending on the cell and are necessary for life. Antiphospholipid antibodies attack phospholipids and damage the cells, causing a range of issues.

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