It may be the size of a pea, but the pituitary gland is responsible for producing a variety of hormones essential for the body to function. From growth hormones to thyroid levels, this “master gland” is responsible for a range of processes that regulate blood pressure, reproduction, metabolism, and other vital functions. Hypopituitarism is a condition in which the pituitary gland functions improperly, producing too little of one or more hormones. In some cases, it may completely fail to produce a specific hormone.
The pituitary gland is located behind the bridge of the nose, in a hollow bony area at the base of the brain. It is an essential part of the endocrine system, a network of glands the produces and secretes hormones for many reactions from respiratory function to sensory perception. The pituitary gland has two areas that produce different hormones. The anterior pituitary connects to the brain through blood vessels, and the posterior pituitary, which is a part of the brain, secretes hormones into the bloodstream. The hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland and is located just above it.
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