The human papillomavirus, also known as HPV, is the leading cause of genital warts. More than 3 million cases occur in the United States every year. Vaccinating against HPV prevents the contraction of genital warts. Surgical removal may be necessary in more extreme cases. There is no cure for genital warts, and they may reoccur many times in a person's life once contracted. It is essential always to practice safe sex to prevent this and other sexually transmitted infections.
Warts on the genitals are the most common symptom. On women, these can occur inside the vagina or the anus, on surrounding the skin or on the cervix. With men, they can occur on the scrotum, the penis, on and around the groin, the thighs and inside and around the outer area of the anus. These spots can also grow on the lips, the tongue, the mouth and the throat on both men and women. Wherever they are located, genital warts are extremely contagious.
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