Advertisement

Hunter syndrome is a rare, inherited disorder that affects every organ in the body. Officially called mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), physicians diagnose this condition primarily in males. Historically, the medical community divided Hunter syndrome into two groups, severe and mild. Doctors now view this disease as a continuous spectrum with a wide, varied range of possible symptoms. Some individuals experience severe symptoms, others less severe, but most fall in the intermediate range.

Advertisement

1. Mucopolysaccharidosis Disorders

Hunter syndrome is one of seven types of mucopolysaccharidosis disorders. All are hereditary lysosomal storage disorders. Individuals with MPS conditions accumulate an abnormal amount of specific complex carbohydrates in their tissue cells. Normally, lysosomes serve as the primary digestive units inside cells. They contain enzymes that break down nutrients, like carbohydrates and fats. Those with MPS disorders are unable to digest these nutrients because the lysosomal enzymes are not functioning properly. Instead, they build up inside the skeleton, joints, brain, spinal cord, liver, heart, and other organs.

Henrik5000 / Getty Images
Advertisement

More on Facty Health

Disclaimer

This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.