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Many people with diabetes use insulin therapy to help manage their condition. Insulin lowers blood sugar levels, to combat their rise when eating. Occasionally, those with diabetes may notice that their blood sugar levels are irregularly high in the morning. This usually occurs after a person uses insulin before they fall asleep the previous night. The medical community refers to this phenomenon as the Somogyi effect or the chronic Somogyi rebound. Though the theories behind the Somogyi effect are popular, they lack scientific backing and have faced much controversy.

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1. Michael Somogyi’s Research

The Somogyi effect originates from the research of a Hungarian-born scientist, Michael Somogyi. He was a prominent professor of biochemistry at Washington University and later worked as the first chemist in the Jewish Hospital of St. Louis. In 1922, he became the first person to prepare insulin treatment for a child with diabetes. Much of Somogyi’s research focused on patients with diabetes and the effects of insulin. In 1938, he presented his research detailing the Somogyi effect.

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