Diabetes comes in two main types and each one requires different treatment. People with type 1 diabetes need to regularly inject themselves with a hormone that balances blood sugar. This variety may develop at any age but normally it first appears in people under the age of 40, and especially in children. About 90% of people with diabetes have the Type 2 version. In this case, their bodies produce the necessary hormone naturally but not enough, or the hormone does not work effectively. Their treatment involves tight control of diet and exercise. In the past Type 2 diabetes was predominantly found in people over 40 but this is changing.
People with type 1 diabetes must ensure their bodies have sufficient levels of an essential hormone, to prevent potentially dangerous quantities of glucose accumulating in the bloodstream. Serious and potentially life-threatening situations develop if the body is deprived of this hormone, so it is crucially important to administer doses at the times and frequency the doctor recommends. For many years sufferers have had to regularly inject themselves with a syringe, but they know that the unpleasantness and occasional pain is far preferable to the damage not doing so can cause.
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