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Ampullary cancer is a rare form of gastrointestinal cancer, accounting for just 1% of these diseases. Its rarity means experts know less about it than other types of cancer. Despite this, treatments exist, and most people diagnosed with ampullary cancer have a good prognosis. Understanding what the cancer is, where it occurs, and the treatment options available can help people with ampullary cancer make informed decisions in conjunction with their doctor or oncologist.

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1. What is Ampullary Cancer?

Ampullary cancer or ampullary carcinoma is a cancer of the ampulla of Vater. In the gastrointestinal system, the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder produce fluids that aid digestion, including bile and bicarbonate. These enzymes move through the bile ducts to the small intestine. The ampulla of Vater is the last centimeter of the bile duct and is responsible for releasing these enzymes. Ampullary cancer originates here.

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