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Breast cancer affects about 1 in 8 US women and is 100 times less common among men. Environmental exposure to carcinogens such as radiation, pesticides, cigarette smoke, plastics, endocrine disruptors, and obesity have been recognized as possible contributory factors to an increased risk of breast cancer. The overall recovery plan will depend on several factors including the stage and size of the tumor. Your age, medical history, and general health are also important factors to consider in terms of treatment and prognosis of breast cancer. You can consult with a multi-disciplinary team of physicians, oncology nurses, pharmacists, nutritionists, and counselors about the various treatments for breast cancer.

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1. Lumpectomy

An oncologist is a specialized surgeon who removes cancer. Eradicating cancerous cells from the body via surgery is the primary treatment for breast cancer. A lumpectomy is the removal of the tumor itself along with a minuscule amount of healthy tissue that surrounds the cancerous cells. The majority of the breast remains after the operation is complete, but radiation therapy may be recommended as a follow-up procedure. Nevertheless, a lumpectomy may also be referred to as breast-conserving surgery. In most cases, a smaller tumor means more surgical options.

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