Endometrial cancer is often called uterine cancer or cancer of the uterus. After breast, lung, and colorectal cancer, uterine cancer is the next most common to affect women. Older adults, as well as those with obesity, women who have never given birth, and those who went through menopause at 52 years or older are at the greatest risk of developing endometrial cancer. The symptoms of endometrial cancer primarily involve the reproductive organs.

Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Irregular vaginal bleeding is that which occurs outside the menstrual cycle, and this abnormal bleeding can signify various conditions. Though endometrial cancer is far from the only explanation, it is a very common symptom of the condition and given the seriousness of such a diagnosis, a woman who experiences heavy bleeding outside of their period window should see a doctor.


Vaginal bleeding after menopause

Bleeding after menopause can be caused by various factors; the blood vessels that line the uterus may become fragile and break due to reduced levels of estrogen. Hormone replacement therapy can also cause vaginal bleeding. Endometrial cancer can cause this symptom, as well. Whether this or another condition is the cause of the bleeding, it is important to take vaginal bleeding after menopause seriously. The symptom may indicate an abnormality in the uterus, cervix, or pelvis.


Bleeding between periods

Intermenstrual bleeding is that which occurs between regular periods. Women who are not taking a contraceptive pill or implant but who have a regular cycle may occasionally experience spotting. This is generally because of a variance in their ovulation cycle or other menstrual issues. Though this symptom is not always serious, significant bleeding between periods could indicate an underlying problem and should be investigated by a medical practitioner.


Pelvic pain

The cause of pelvic pain is often hard to determine from the outside. Uncomfortable or painful sensations may begin in the area under the belly button and may be dull or acute, continuous or recurrent. Pelvic pain a woman cannot trace to the days before or during her period could indicate a more serious issue.


Abnormal discharge

Vaginal discharge after menopause could be a symptom of endometrial cancer. This discharge is usually thin and white or clear, but can also be pink or light brown. A burning sensation in and around the vagina may accompany the discharge. Women at all stages of life should take note of changes in the color, amount, or scent of discharge, and see a doctor if the changes do not revert.

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Difficulty and pain urinating

Dysuria is the clinical term for pain during urination. These symptoms can be a result of various conditions, including urinary tract infections. Any feeling of urgency to urinate, pain when urinating with a burning feeling, or feeling like the bladder has not completely emptied should be discussed with a doctor. A cancerous tumor in the uterus or cervix can place pressure on the internal organs, causing these urinary symptoms.


Weight loss

When weight loss occurs suddenly without a conscious undertaking of diet or fitness adjustments, a medical condition is often the cause. Endometrial cancer can lead to weight loss when the individual loses her appetite, experiences excess stress or anxiety, or if she chooses to eat less to avoid the pain of urination or bowel movements.


Pain during sexual intercourse

Most instances of pain during intercourse point to a medical event or condition that should be examined, and could, in rare instances, be an early sign of cancer in the cervix or uterus. It is important to take note of the pain if it occurs outside of intercourse, as this may indicate a different diagnosis.


Abdominal pain and discomfort

Uterine cancer will often cause abdominal pain and cramping, leading to sensations similar to indigestion or bloating. Pressure is an important symptom to identify. Pressure can come from the uterus lining swelling or from tumor cells that grow and take over the uterine lining, pushing into the uterus and cervix. Bloating is a normal part of menstruation, but if it continues for a week or more beyond one's period, it could indicate a medical issue.


Fatigue and weakness

Fatigue is a symptom of many physical, mental, and emotional ailments. For this reason, it can often go overlooked by individuals who are used to its presence in their day-to-day lives. However, the symptoms may also indicate a more serious condition; fatigue that does not abate after a few weeks or after an obvious trigger has been removed should prompt medical examination. People with fatigue may also experience mood changes, aching or sore muscles, headaches, and dizziness as the body works to fight off the invading illness.


Changed vaginal discharge

A significant change in the color, consistency, or odor of vaginal discharge can be a cause for concern. While many women experience variations in discharge throughout their menstrual cycle, a sudden shift to thick, brown, or foul-smelling discharge may indicate an underlying issue. It's essential to monitor these changes and consult a healthcare professional if they persist.

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Enlarged uterus

An enlarged uterus often isn't immediately noticeable. However, some women may feel a heaviness or fullness in their pelvis. This symptom can have many causes, including fibroids or adenomyosis, but it may indicate endometrial or cervical cancer, especially if accompanied by other symptoms on this list.

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Abdominal weakness

Persistent pain or weakness in the lower abdomen, back, or legs may be an indication of more than just aging or overexertion. If these symptoms are persistent and don't seem to be related to physical activity, they might be a sign of a deeper issue. Consult a healthcare professional if these problems persist, as they may be a sign of endometrial cancer.

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Pelvic pressure

A constant sensation of pressure or discomfort in the pelvic area or lower abdomen is unsettling. While pressure could be related to benign conditions like ovarian cysts, it's essential to consider endometrial cancer, especially if the feeling intensifies or is accompanied by other symptoms.

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Painful bowel movements

Typically associated with gastrointestinal issues, painful bowel movements shouldn't be ignored. Pain during bowel movements or blood in the stool usually points to gastrointestinal cancers, but it can also be indicative of metastatic endometrial cancer.

woman have problem with chronic constipation, bowel movement is painful sitting in toilet


Bladder or rectal bleeding

Any unexpected bleeding is a cause for concern. If you notice blood in your urine or experience rectal bleeding, it's crucial to consult with a healthcare professional immediately. These symptoms are associated with advanced stages of endometrial cancer and other serious conditions.

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Fluid buildup

Fluid buildup, known as edema, causes swelling and discomfort. If you notice sudden swelling in your legs or a bloated feeling in your abdomen that doesn't go away, it's essential to seek medical advice. This could be a sign of endometrial cancer affecting lymphatic drainage.

Clinical sign of heart failure, Pitting edema on patient leg primary sign of heart disease or heart failure and this case edema from drug allergy, diclofenac oral drug, side effects of drugs.


Loss of appetite

A sudden loss of appetite or feeling full quickly can be related to various conditions, including gastrointestinal conditions and stomach cancer. However, if this symptom persists and is accompanied by other symptoms on this list, it might be related to endometrial cancer.

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Breathing difficulties

While shortness of breath is a symptom of many respiratory conditions, it may also be a symptom of endometrial cancer. Difficulty breathing can indicate the disease's progression, called metastasis, and its effect on other organs. Breathing problems indicate severe disease progression; if you are experiencing this symptom along with others on this list, it is essential to seek medical care immediately.

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Menstrual changes

While many women experience variations in their menstrual cycles, significant changes in the length or heaviness of periods is a red flag for many conditions. Periods may change due to age or stress, but if these changes are sudden and persistent, it's essential to consider the possibility of endometrial cancer.

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Watery discharge

A clear, watery, or slightly blood-tinged discharge, especially post-menopause, can be a subtle sign of endometrial cancer. While it might be easy to dismiss, it's crucial to monitor any changes in vaginal discharge and consult with a healthcare professional if they persist.

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