Asthma is a common lung problem that causes breathing difficulties for people of all ages, though most people develop the condition in childhood. The severity of an asthma attack varies from person to person and even event to event. Luckily, fewer than 1 in 20 people with asthma require specialist care; most control the condition and its symptoms with inhalers and medication.
Shortness of breath is one of the most common symptoms of asthma. A narrowing of the airways causes this event and is brought on by the muscles around the airways tensing, causing bronchospasms and airway inflammation. The body creates mucus to address this reaction, and the lungs become less efficient in transferring oxygen to the small blood vessels on the surface of the lungs.
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