Sometimes, medical conditions leave people unable to eat any or enough food. For instance, a person may have difficulty swallowing, decreased appetite, or be recovering from a surgery that negatively affects the ability to consume food. All of these issues necessitate the supply of nutrition in a different way, such as enteral and enterostomy feeding. Enteral feeding is also referred to as enteral nutrition or tube feeding.
Enteral feeding suits individuals who have a functioning GI tract but cannot orally ingest enough food. The feeding tube may be placed either temporarily (for few weeks or months) or permanently. In normal digestion processes, the food is broken down in the stomach and intestines, then the small intestine absorbs nutrients and transports them to all other parts of the body through the blood. Enteral feeding entails delivering a special liquid food containing essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, and vitamins, through a tube directly into the small intestines or stomach.
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