Unless you happen to be a medical student or have studied medical terminology, the term "pruritus" is almost certainly unfamiliar. It describes no rare disease but rather a common minor medical issue – itchiness. Someone who has ever had severe itchiness might find it hard to believe that anyone would go to the doctor with such a complaint, but sometimes it might be a symptom of a more serious problem. It could also reach a point where it disrupts this person's normal lifestyle beyond an acceptable point, for example, it could become very hard to get a good night's sleep.
When a patient comes with this complaint to a clinic, the doctor invariably looks for symptoms of the condition in the skin. Eczema is one of the most common conditions that make the skin very itchy and produces many telltale signs. Affected skin is reddish, and it is very dry and flaky. Red marks on the skin also often appear after insect bites, and these can be very itchy. Simple home treatments provide effective relief in most cases with just a small number of patients in need of additional treatment.
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