Melanoma is a common type of skin cancer, and it is also the most serious. It starts off in the cells that produce the melanin that formulates the coloring for the skin, eyes and the hair. It can also form in the moles, where it is often more difficult to detect. Symptoms can include changes in the way an existing mole grows or alters its appearance, and it can also grow on the skin, resembling a new mole. Due to the high death rate in melanoma, it is important to seek treatment immediately when you notice the early warning signs.
When deciding which treatments to explore, many factors come into play. These include: age of the patient, health, your reaction to side effects and the likeliness that the particular treatment will cure or help slow down the effects of the melanoma. With wide excision surgery, anesthesia is injected into the area and the entire tumor is cut out, along with a small portion of the surrounding healthy skin. The sample that is removed is then viewed to be sure that there are no cancerous cells left. The larger that the tumor is in the size, the deeper and wider the incisional margins must be.
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