Chilblains are sore, itching, inflamed, and swollen patches of skin. They occur on the backs of the fingers or tops of the toes. Sometimes they crop up on the earlobes, outer thighs, and other parts of the body. They come up with an abnormal reaction to cold. They are quite common and can occur at any age. The tiniest blood vessels at the very end of the system constrict when the skin gets cold. This slows down blood supply to areas of the skin. When cold skin warms up, it causes these vessels to expand than larger blood vessels close by can handle. This causes blood to leak into surrounding tissues. Poor circulation and other blood vessel problems make you suffer from chilblains. Chilblains usually go away on their own after a week or two. They do not lead to any permanent damage unless severe infection occurs. Prevention is the only cure.
Redness is a common symptom. Several chilblains joined together will create a larger red area. The color of chilblains can vary. They may go from white to blue before turning red. As color changes occur, they may be very painful. The first thing to do is to elevate the affected area to improve blood circulation. If your hands and feet are the problem areas, you can lift them with some pillows. Make sure that you warm up slowly without applying any direct heat to affected areas.
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